Matthew’s Gospel in particular selects events from Jesus’ life which present Jesus as a new Moses, bringing his people out of spiritual Egypt. Here are a few examples.
|The life and teaching of Jesus||The life and teaching of Moses|
|Herod kills the boys of Bethlehem, but Jesus escapes (Matthew 2:13-18)||Pharaoh kills the baby boys of the Israelites, but Moses escapes (Exodus 1:15-2:10)|
|The baby Jesus is taken into Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod (Matthew 2:13-15)||The adult Moses flees from Egypt to escape the wrath of Pharaoh (Exodus 2:11-13)|
|Herod dies. An angel appears to Joseph saying they are to return from Egypt (Matthew 2:19-21)||Pharaoh dies. An angel appears to Moses saying he is to return to Egypt (Exodus 2:23-3:10)|
|Jesus goes into the wilderness for forty days. He eats and drinks nothing while there, but recalls the words of Moses (Matthew 4:1-11)||Moses goes up Mount Sinai for forty days. He eats and drinks nothing while there, but writes the Ten Commandments (Exodus 34:28)|
|Jesus goes up a mountain to give a new law (Matthew 5). His teaching is recorded in five speeches throughout the Gospel||Moses goes up Mount Sinai to receive the law. His teaching is recorded in the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)|
|Six days after talking about coming in the glory of the Father, Jesus goes up a mountain where he has a vision of Moses and Elijah. A cloud overshadows them, he hears the voice of God, and is transformed, his face shining like the sun (Matthew 17:1-4)||Moses goes up mountain covered by a cloud, where he sees the glory of God. After six days, he hears the voice of God (Exodus 24:15-18). After a later meeting with God, Moses face shone (Exodus 34:29-33)|
|Jesus inaugurates a new covenant with the blood of his sacrifice (Matthew 26:27-28)||Moses inaugurates a covenant with blood of animal sacrifices (Exodus 24:3-8)|
See this page for more on Jesus and the Exodus.