Matthew’s presentation of Jesus as the new Moses

Matthew’s Gospel in particular selects events from Jesus’ life which present Jesus as a new Moses, bringing his people out of spiritual Egypt. Here are a few examples.

The life and teaching of Jesus The life and teaching of Moses
Herod kills the boys of Bethlehem, but Jesus escapes (Matthew 2:13-18) Pharaoh kills the baby boys of the Israelites, but Moses escapes (Exodus 1:15-2:10)
The baby Jesus is taken into Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod (Matthew 2:13-15) The adult Moses flees from Egypt to escape the wrath of Pharaoh (Exodus 2:11-13)
Herod dies. An angel appears to Joseph saying they are to return from Egypt (Matthew 2:19-21) Pharaoh dies. An angel appears to Moses saying he is to return to Egypt (Exodus 2:23-3:10)
Jesus goes into the wilderness for forty days. He eats and drinks nothing while there, but recalls the words of Moses (Matthew 4:1-11) Moses goes up Mount Sinai for forty days. He eats and drinks nothing while there, but writes the Ten Commandments (Exodus 34:28)
Jesus goes up a mountain to give a new law (Matthew 5). His teaching is recorded in five speeches throughout the Gospel Moses goes up Mount Sinai to receive the law. His teaching is recorded in the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)
Six days after talking about coming in the glory of the Father, Jesus goes up a mountain where he has a vision of Moses and Elijah. A cloud overshadows them, he hears the voice of God, and is transformed, his face shining like the sun (Matthew 17:1-4) Moses goes up  mountain covered  by a cloud, where he sees the glory of God. After six days, he hears the voice of God (Exodus 24:15-18). After a later meeting with God, Moses face shone (Exodus 34:29-33)
Jesus inaugurates a new covenant with the blood of his sacrifice (Matthew 26:27-28) Moses inaugurates a covenant with blood of animal sacrifices (Exodus 24:3-8)

See this page for more on Jesus and the Exodus.

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